Spider Flower – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Flower Glossary

I. What is a Spider Flower?

Spider flowers, also known as Cleome, are beautiful annual plants that belong to the Cleomaceae family. These unique flowers are native to South America and are known for their striking appearance and long, slender petals that resemble spider legs. Spider flowers come in a variety of colors, including pink, purple, and white, making them a popular choice for gardeners looking to add a touch of whimsy to their outdoor spaces.

II. What are the characteristics of a Spider Flower?

Spider flowers are characterized by their tall, slender stems that can reach heights of up to six feet. The flowers themselves are made up of four long petals that give them their distinctive spider-like appearance. Spider flowers bloom in the summer months and are known for attracting butterflies and hummingbirds to the garden.

In addition to their unique appearance, spider flowers are also known for their strong, sweet fragrance that can fill the air with a delightful scent. These flowers are easy to grow and require minimal maintenance, making them a popular choice for both beginner and experienced gardeners.

III. How to grow Spider Flowers?

Growing spider flowers is relatively easy and can be done in both containers and garden beds. To grow spider flowers, start by planting the seeds in well-draining soil in a sunny location. Water the plants regularly, making sure to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.

Spider flowers prefer warm temperatures and can be grown in USDA hardiness zones 8-11. These plants are relatively low-maintenance and do not require frequent fertilization. However, you can feed them with a balanced fertilizer once a month to encourage healthy growth and blooming.

IV. What are the different varieties of Spider Flowers?

There are several different varieties of spider flowers available, each with its own unique characteristics. Some popular varieties include:

– Cleome hassleriana: This is the most common variety of spider flower and is known for its vibrant pink, purple, or white flowers.
– Cleome spinosa: This variety has smaller flowers than Cleome hassleriana and is known for its delicate appearance.
– Cleome gynandra: Also known as African cabbage, this variety is grown for its edible leaves and seeds.

Each variety of spider flower has its own unique beauty and can add a touch of color and whimsy to any garden.

V. How to care for Spider Flowers?

Caring for spider flowers is relatively simple and requires minimal effort. These plants prefer full sun and well-draining soil, so make sure to plant them in a location that receives at least six hours of sunlight per day. Water the plants regularly, especially during hot, dry weather, to keep the soil moist.

Deadhead the flowers regularly to encourage continuous blooming and remove any spent blooms to keep the plant looking tidy. Spider flowers do not require frequent fertilization, but you can feed them with a balanced fertilizer once a month during the growing season to promote healthy growth.

VI. What are the uses of Spider Flowers?

In addition to their beauty, spider flowers have several practical uses. These flowers are often used in floral arrangements and bouquets due to their unique appearance and long-lasting blooms. Spider flowers are also known for their ability to attract beneficial insects to the garden, such as butterflies and hummingbirds, making them a popular choice for pollinator gardens.

Some varieties of spider flowers, such as Cleome gynandra, are also grown for their edible leaves and seeds. These plants are rich in nutrients and can be used in a variety of culinary dishes, adding a pop of color and flavor to salads and other dishes.

Overall, spider flowers are versatile plants that can add beauty, fragrance, and practicality to any garden. Whether grown for their striking appearance or their practical uses, spider flowers are a welcome addition to any outdoor space.